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fxus63 kpah 201739 
afdpah

Area forecast discussion
National Weather Service Paducah Kentucky
1239 PM CDT Thu Jun 20 2019

Update...
issued at 1237 PM CDT Thu Jun 20 2019

For aviation section only.

Update issued at 620 am CDT Thu Jun 20 2019

Updated for 12z aviation forecast discussion.

&&

Short term...(today through Saturday night)
issued at 232 am CDT Thu Jun 20 2019

Still dealing with convection early this morning as an upper
trough and sfc front currently move across the County Warning Area. Through 12z,
the highest precipitation probabilities will be over western Kentucky.
As we head through the morning hours, the activity will move east
and/or diminish, so that by 18z, we should be rainfree for the
most part.

It will be fairly quiet this evening, but there are hints that
the latter half of the night could be wet in far western parts of
the area, as a warm front lifts northeast toward US. Right now,
the NAM/NAM nest and to a certain degree the latest rap, are
trying to bring some precipitation into the Ozarks by around 12z.
Will raise pops to include this possibility, but it likely be
after 12z when the better chances arrive.

As the warm front lifts northeast throughout the day on Friday,
there will continue to be a chance for additional showers and
storms. The question lies in just how extensive the coverage will
be. In the upper levels, we will be sitting on the northern end
of an upper level ridge. Models continue to indicate some
pertubations in the upper flow which would aid in support for more
convection on Friday. The problem lies in the strength, position
and timing of such waves. Therefore, am inclined to keep pops in
the 20-30% category resulting in scattered type expectations. In
addition, Storm Prediction Center has the area in a marginal risk with part of the
area in a slight risk. Very steep low level lapse rates combined
with a very moist airmass could lead to some strong to severe
weather with any cells that get going. Hopefully we can fine tune
things later on today or tonight as far as what locations will
have the higher probabilities and when, as well as determine the
extent of the severe weather threat.

By tomorrow night (friday night), rain chances will be likely
confined to parts of southern IL, southwest in and the pennyrile of
west KY, closer to the aforementioned warm front and better
proximity to any lingering upper level support. Further west, upper
level ridging will be developing which should help to cap off any
chances for any further development.

For the first part of the weekend, we will be dealing with an upper
level ridge in place over the area. The question has been, and
continues to be, whether we will see any thunderstorm development
under the ridge. At the surface, we will still have the frontal
boundary in the area, but at this time, am not inclined to think
there will be widespread thunderstorm development. The NAM indicated
a pretty decent cap over the area while the GFS is not as robust
with it. We will continue with the west to east gradient of pops,
showing no pop west gradually increasing to chance in the east which
is where the deeper moisture will be early in the day. But by
afternoon, we will see most of the area trending toward drying out,
so will lower pops to mainly slights.

Saturday night should be mainly dry although the blend keeps
inserting low end pops for this time frame. The upper ridge will be
slowly shifting east with time as another upper level wave
approaches the area, but it looks like any activity associated with
that feature should hold off until after 12z Sunday. Tried to back
off pops as much as possible and still keep in line with neighboring
offices. Best chances for any additional shower and thunderstorm
development Saturday night will be in the far northern areas.

The other item of concern coming up for tomorrow and Saturday is the
heat and humidity. Today we should be a bit cooler in many areas due
to cloudiness for the first part of the day, and dewpoints will drop
down into the mid 60s behind the front. However, on Friday and
Saturday, we will soar into the upper 80s to around 90 degrees for
highs with plenty of low level moisture advecting into the area,
making for some muggy conditions, especially by Saturday. Heat index
values will be 95 to 100 deg on Friday with slightly higher readings
possible on Saturday.

Long term...(sunday through wednesday)
issued at 232 am CDT Thu Jun 20 2019

A rather active weather pattern will continue into next week.
Ensemble means remain in good agreement that a fairly strong mid-
level shortwave will progress eastward across the Mississippi Valley
on Monday. Ahead of this shortwave, a moist and unstable southwest
flow will set the stage for considerable shower and thunderstorm
activity from Sunday into Monday. Forecast pops will be just shy of
the likely category, however it appears that convection will occur
at some point Sunday into Monday. Wind fields will remain supportive
of at least a marginal severe potential, not unlike systems of the
past week or so.

Monday night into Tuesday, there are some model differences
regarding how quickly the shortwave and associated weak surface
front exits our region. Therefore, chance pops will linger through
Tuesday. Wednesday will be mainly dry, but there will be a slight
chance pop to account for isolated diurnal pop-up convection.

Temps and humidity levels will be highest on Sunday, when heat
indices should reach the upper 90s outside convection. Temps and dew
points will undergo a slight decrease Monday into Tuesday behind the
weak front. A bit of an upward trend will resume Wednesday as 500 mb
heights begin to rise across much of the central and eastern conus.
With all that said, daytime highs will range from the mid 80s to
near 90 through the period. Overnight lows will be in the upper 60s
to around 70.

&&

Aviation...
issued at 1235 PM CDT Thu Jun 20 2019

Expect VFR cig the rest of the the afternoon, followed by clearing
this evening. Winds will be west-northwest around 10kts
decreasing to light and variable during the evening/overnight
period.

&&

Pah watches/warnings/advisories...
Illinois...none.
MO...none.
In...none.
Kentucky...none.
&&

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