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fxus61 kakq 180557 
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Area forecast discussion
National Weather Service Wakefield Virginia
157 am EDT Wed Sep 18 2019

Synopsis...
surface high pressure builds down into the region from the
north tonight through Thursday. Meanwhile, Hurricane Humberto
is forecast to track well east of the southeast coast through
midweek.

&&

Near term /until 6 am this morning/...
as of 830 PM EDT Tuesday...

Latest msas has the cold front across the Carolinas with weak high
pressure over the lwr Maryland ern shore. Most if not all the shwrs have
moved SSW of the fa, although some light echoes noted across swrn
Mecklenburg County. Will keep slght chc pops there for anthr hr or
so. Meanwhile, clouds have scattered out from the Bay on east toward
the coast. Models continue to slowly erode the clouds westward thru
the overnight hrs with skies becoming mstly clr to pt cldy aftr
midnite. Data also suggests some SC dvlp[ng late along the coast due
to the persistent onshore wind flow. Cooler with lows 55-60
except lwr 60s se coastal areas.

&&

Short term /6 am this morning through 6 PM Thursday/...
as of 220 PM EDT Tuesday...

High pressure continues to build swd from the eastern Great
Lakes/New England Wednesday. Forecast soundings show some
lingering low level moisture with the onshore flow, which should
result in partly cloudy conditions along the coast, with mostly
sunny conditions west of I-95 to the Piedmont. However, dry
conditions should prevail with limited deep layer moisture.
Comfortable conditions are expected, with highs topping out in
the 70s to near 80f...and dewpoints falling into the 50s for
most areas. Remaining rather breezy along the coast, due to the
cooler airmass over the warm water and a strong pressure
gradient between the high to the north and Humberto well offshore.
Pleasant Wednesday night with lows in the low/mid 50s inland,
and upper 50s/low 60s closer to and along the coast.

&&

Long term /Thursday night through Tuesday/...
as of 220 PM EDT Tuesday...

Cooler, drier conditions look to persist for the mid to latter
portion of the week. Ridge of sfc high pressure will prevail
over the mid-Atlantic into the southeastern US for the late week
period. Aloft, the region will remain on the periphery of an
upper level ridge of high pressure, which will rebuild over the
region from the southwest during the upcoming weekend, bringing
a gradual warm- up late in the weekend into early next week.

Warm days and cool nights persist into the weekend, with high
temperatures Thursday through Saturday near to slightly below
seasonal averages with highs in the upper 70s to lower 80s.
Overnight lows falling back into the low to mid 50s inland
(though a smattering of upper 40s possible in typical cool spots
Thu/Fri mornings)...with low to mid 60s at the coast. The
warming trend begins Saturday into early next week, with high
pressure at the surface and building heights aloft. Above
average temperatures likely prevail through this period with
highs in the mid/upper 80s to around 90 degrees with early
morning lows generally in the 60s area wide.

&&

Aviation /06z Wednesday through Sunday/...
as of 155 am EDT Wednesday...

High pressure was centered over qb as of 06z, and was building
into the mid Atlantic as Hurricane Humberto tracked east-northeast well off
the coast. The wind was NE 5kt or less inland, and NE 8-12kt
along the coast. Mostly clear early this morning, with any
lingering SC remaining well SW of the taf sites. Some patchy fog
is possible well inland, but should remain west of ric. Onshore
flow will continue today as high pressure remains centered well
north of the region. A NE wind is expected to reach 12-15kt with
gusts to 20-25kt closer to and along the coast, and 8-12kt
farther inland. Scattered-broken cumulus are expected to develop late morning
into the aftn. Mostly clear tonight with an 8-12kt NE wind
along the coast, and light out of the NE farther inland.

Dry conditions are expected Thursday through Sunday as high
pressure slides across the region Thursday and Friday, and then
offshore Saturday and Sunday.

&&

Marine...
as of 355 PM EDT Tuesday...

Afternoon surface analysis shows high pressure migrating eastward
from the Great Lakes region with Hurricane Humberto continuing to
organize off the southeast coast. The gradient between these two
features is leading to northeasterly winds of 15-20 knots with a few
gusts at elevated sensors nearing 25 knots this afternoon. Waves are
1-2 ft across the Northern Bay and 2-3 ft across the south. Seas
offshore are continuing to increase with 5-6 ft S and 4-5 ft north.

By late this aftn, NE winds increase to 17-20 kt (sustained) on the
Bay and lower James River/20-25 kt on the ocean and Currituck Sound.
Additionally, seas increase to 5-6 ft (w/ 2-4 ft waves on the ches
bay) by this evening. The high becomes centered over nrn New England
by Wed am as Humberto continues to track to the east-northeast. Winds increase
slightly (by a few knots) tonight and a few gusts to 30 kt are
likely over the mouth of the ches Bay/srn coastal waters by late
tonight/Wed am. The potential for ~30 kt gusts in these areas
continues through the day on Wed. Sustained winds of ~20 kt on the
Bay/25 kt on the ocean are expected on Wed (lasting through the
first part of Wed night). There is a chc that scas may be needed for
the upper rivers for a time on Wed, with at least a few gusts of ~20
kt likely. Seas build from 5-7 ft early Wed am to 7-10 ft by 00z Thu
(highest S of the Virginia/NC border). A high surf advisory has been
hoisted for Virginia Beach and points south from Wednesday morning through
Thursday evening and will potentially need to be extended northward
and later in time in subsequent forecasts. Scas remain in effect
through 7 PM Wed for the ches Bay, lower James River and Currituck
Sound (and may need to be extended further in subsequent forecast
packages). The Small Craft Advisory for the ocean extends through 7 PM Thu (due to
very high confidence in seas remaining aoa 5 ft).

On Thursday, the high is expected to build south-southwest toward the area as
Humberto continues to slowly pull away to the east-northeast. This will finally
allow for winds to turn to the north slowly diminish from Thu am-Thu
night. The current forecast has wind gusts dropping below Small Craft Advisory
thresholds by late Thu afternoon. The high is expected to settle
into the region from Fri-Sat before moving to the southeast of the area on
sun. Winds are expected to become light (aob 10 kt) by late Fri and
remain that way through much of the weekend. However, seas (and
waves near the mouth of the bay) will be slow to diminish. Scas may
need to be extended for the mouth of the ches Bay through Fri/ocean
through Sat (due to waves/seas).

&&

Tides/coastal flooding...
as of 420 PM EDT Tuesday...

A strong NE wind will push tidal anomalies to 1.0-1.5ft above
normal by Wednesday and Thursday. This has the potential to
produce minor tidal flooding, particularly on the south and west
sides of the ches Bay, James River, and associated tributaries.
In addition...with the persistent NE wind/swell...water likely
gets trapped in the upper ches Bay by Thu. This will lead to
steadily increasing anomalies on the Bayside of the lower Maryland ern
shore. Borderline minor/moderate tidal flooding is possible in
vulnerable areas of southern Dorchester County by the high tide
Thursday evening, with a chc of minor flooding at
Cambridge/Crisfield. Water levels are forecast to crest just
above minor flood thresholds at bishop's head by late Wed aftn.

The current forecast keeps water levels just below minor flood
thresholds along the Atlantic coast of MD, VA, and NC. However,
there is a slight chc that water levels exceed minor flood
thresholds on the Oceanside of the Virginia ern shore/NC during the
higher astronomical tides on Wed/Thu.

A high rip current risk is forecast for today and Wednesday,
and will likely continue into Thursday, as swell from Humberto
propagates toward the coast.

&&

Equipment...
kdox radar has returned to service as of Tuesday evening.

&&

Akq watches/warnings/advisories...
Maryland...none.
NC...high surf advisory until 7 PM EDT Thursday for ncz102.
Virginia...high surf advisory from 7 am this morning to 7 PM EDT Thursday
for vaz098.
Marine...Small Craft Advisory until 7 PM EDT this evening for
anz630>634-638.
Small Craft Advisory until 7 PM EDT Thursday for anz650-652-
654-656-658.

&&

$$
Synopsis...mam
near term...mpr
short term...ajz/mam

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